Alokaziya - plant barometer as to the rain on the surface of the sheet are the water droplets.It is a herbaceous evergreen plant with strong roots and big heart-shaped leaves.Color sheet can be both monotonous green and variegated.
Tropical Alokaziya or, as it is called in folk medicine, trilistniksovmeschaet a decorative and medicinal properties.Since ancient times, this plant is used to treat skin diseases, various tumors.In Chinese medicine alokaziyuprimenyayut for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, tuberculosis and pneumonia.It is believed that the shamrock helps relieve dental pain and relieve itching from insect bites.However, the cultivation of this plant at home, remember the covenant of Paracelsus: "Any medicine - is a poison."The juice contains a large amount shamrock skin-irritating substances.
Common species Alokaziya
Among shamrocks with solid color are the most common krupnokornevaya or odorous Alokaziya , also called - "elephant ear".These plants can reach several met
At least you can find variegated species of this plant: Alokaziya Sander Alokaziya Lowy and copper-red Alokaziya and their hybrid forms.These types are much smaller in size, but, at the same time, a more decorative.Besides spectacular color, the leaves may have a different configuration.At room conditions Alokaziya bloom quite rare, but nevertheless this happens, then the plant throws inflorescence that resembles an ear.
Shamrock - relatively unpretentious moisture - and heat-loving plant that is without any problems will grow in light (but not in the scorching sun) or slightly shaded place at high humidity and lack of drafts.If Alokaziya do not like something, she will immediately understand that their appearance.On the lack of light - faded leaves of dry air and lack of moist soil - stopping or significantly slowing growth.It was in a weakened state at Alokaziya attack pests.The appearance of spider mites and mealybugs evidence of adverse growth conditions.
In the warm season requires abundant watering with warm water defended (but should not be allowed stagnant water in the soil) and daily spraying (preferably in the morning).The temperature should be no lower than 25 degrees.At low temperatures and abundant irrigation from the rhizome rot starts a trefoil.
winter, reduce watering and spraying: spray can in a day, watering when the soil dries out a bit.The air temperature should be about 18-20 degrees.
Reproduction and transplant Alokaziya
more precisely defines the process of moving Alokaziya - perevalivanie.Sharps carefully exactly on the edge of the earth should be separated from the root of the plant from the pot (if a pot of thin soft plastic, it can be cut) and move the flower, along with a clod of earth to a new residence.Transplanted shamrocks early spring, young plants are doing each year.Substrate for Alokaziya should be loose, easy leaky.It is prepared from a mixture of leaf and peat land, with the addition of crushed sand and peat moss and / or charcoal.Not enough light soil can provoke stagnant water, in which there have Alokaziya root rot.
Propagation shamrock root processes and dividing rhizomes.The most suitable for this time of year - spring.Rooting usually takes place without any difficulties."Baby" is separated from the root of a mature plant is placed in a container with moist sand mixed with peat or sphagnum.Lower heating greatly speeds up the process of rooting.
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