Cottagers and gardeners planted a certain list of names of crops that are well acclimatized to grow and produce a rich harvest.One of the plants, often found on our sites, and even more often in the winter on the windowsill is onion-Onion.It is very useful and, in the use of it in food helps combat bad bacteria.That is why it is actively used to prevent and treat colds.In the winter - a good natural source of vitamins.
Planting onion sets is not time-consuming and expensive.It requires a minimum of care.Resistant to cold and drought.
Pros onion sets
- resistance to low temperatures is of good quality, which allows the bow to land earlier than is possible with respect to other plants;
- harvest is early;
- good plant growth even in poor soils;
- strong root system, which protects the culture and the dry hot weather;
- inhibits the growth of weeds;
- in growing onion sets are observed very little effort.
Before fit a bow, you need to cut the neck of the bulb, but the gardeners who make only the first
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soil for onion sets
Onions, culture and electoral soil prefers not to some, and good fertile.
However, some plant does not like a good soil?Our crops that are grown in the cottages and gardens, but good soil and serve.
- for onion sets are best suited sandy and loamy fertile soils.Why them?This choice is due to two characteristics: high water capacity and moisture permeability.
- Luke does not like heavy and acidic soil.
- As a rule, their plots gardeners and farmers are changing the location of the plantations growing their crops.This is often due to the fact that some of the plants will give a good yield and grow at the same place only a certain period of time in some seasons.
- at whose place the onions can be planted?Predecessors of onions can be: cucumber, zucchini and cabbage.
- If the soil is poor in its fertile properties exhausted or perennial plantings, and you decide it to fertilize with manure, to post sow onion Onion, then remember that the fertilizer directly under the bow can not be made.This will enhance the growth of leaves, but will delay the formation and maturation of follicles.
- best to make organic fertilizer in the fall when digging the ground.And if the idea of planting onion sets came suddenly you do not, then you can ahead of time to fertilize the soil under the plants that grow in this season at the site, after which you sow onions.Then you will have a good harvest.
When planted onion Onion?
Many cultures gardener at the site or summer resident require more heat and sunlight.Onions in this sense less fastidious.It is resistant to cold, so it landed in open ground agronomy experts advise to carry out at the first opportunity, when the temperature goes the mark of ten degrees above zero.Typically, such temperature conditions are created at the end of April.
How to plant onion Onion?
for preventive purposes before planting onion sets in open ground, it is necessary to warm up first.The temperature for heating and forty degrees, and last for eight hours.After this procedure onion seedlings need soak in a solution of copper sulfate.Let stand up for twenty minutes.After possible without drying and washing plant in the garden culture.
- for onion sets has its own specific planting scheme.In order to better growing up, put him in a row, keeping the distance between Lukavica ten centimeters.Spacing should be a distance of twenty centimeters.Planting is carried to a depth of two - three centimeters.
- Planting depth is chosen not by chance.Two - three centimeters is enough to root system is in the upper layer of the soil moist.If planting more deeply, the process of formation and development of the bulbs will become more durable.And in the case of shallow planting, hitting a dry soil, with a deficiency in nutrition onions first retarding, and then completely killed.
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Feeding onion sets
- Before planting, it is necessary to make fertilizer.Best of all right in a row, which will be planted onions.
- recess in the soil in six - seven centimeters in a furrow.From one to the other line keep a distance of twenty centimeters, for planting onion sets.At the bottom to make fertilizer and covered with soil.Now it is possible to land culture.
- necessary to observe the growth of onion sets to monitor his health.So if after twenty days after planting in the ground onions grow sluggish and pale green leaves with reddening, then he picked up a little something.Namely, when such symptoms can be concluded that there is a lack of nitrogen.
- If the soil is not enough potassium, the leaves become grayish color.The surface of the sheet becomes uneven and aging.With a lack of phosphorus, the tops of the leaves will turn black.However, this only applies to older leaves.In the young leaves of phosphorus shortage will not occur.
- The growing season onion Onion require loosening.It must be made no less than five - six times and affect the depth of no more than five centimeters.
Watering onion sets
Most bow thirsty, marking the emergence of the leaves, as well as during the formation of bulbs.Interestingly, when ripe onion abundant watering is not necessary.At this time, the onion-Onion supportive of dry and warm weather.So it is necessary to irrigate the entire period of growth, but a month before harvest watering stop everything.
between good salad with the addition of green leaves onion sets and growing bulbs need to make a choice.The fact is that when ripping leaves culture growth is slowing down, the result is a bulb shallow.
If you are planting onions for his collection of green leaves (growing onions on the pen), it should choose the appropriate varieties that emit a lot of feathers.Get fresh green onions all year round.In winter, however, it will have to grow at home.At the same time every three weeks is enough implanting new bulbs.
If planting seeds is carried out, the first seedlings growing in greenhouses at least three - four weeks, and only then are planted in open ground.
cleaning and storage onion sets
Periods of harvesting does not quite difficult to define.Once the leaves have dried, or lay down on the ground, all you can harvest.You should not linger in the assembly.Prolonged exposure in the soil of ripe bulbs will lead to the fact that it will start to rot.
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Onion Onion dug a nice sunny and dry weather, and then expanded to dry.If you collect the rain, the drying is carried out under a canopy.Store onions, Onion in a warm, well-ventilated area.
Smaller bulbs that has a diameter of no more than ten centimeters, it is best to keep the autumn planting.