Mulching - this is one of the main ways to protect the soil from a number of negative factors.In particular, it allows to keep the moisture in the ground and many nutrients.Some materials used for mulching, even enriching the soil with new bacteria and microorganisms.In this procedure, there are a lot of nuances.
Why do you need to mulch the soil and how to spend it?
Through a procedure that is vykladyvanii the ground layer of certain materials need less land to dig.This, according to many gardeners, it leads to the exclusion of exhaustion.Further reduces the risk of disease in a number of plants.
Mulching the soil leads to a qualitative development of the root system and increases the chances of a particular culture is to take root in the ground.In addition, it enables to prevent the growth and development of weeds, soil erosion during high humidity.In addition, unlike other methods of soil treatment after mulching land remains loose and breathable, not cured.Because it becomes more fertile, becau
The main advantage of this technique is to eliminate defects in a particular soil, which makes it the most suitable for the growth of all plants.It also reduces the freezing of the ground during the cold season.This keeps perennials and helps them to survive difficult conditions.
should be said that in some cases and for some crops mulching is a prerequisite:
- rich clay or sandy soil with a lack of constant and abundant watering, requires the addition of mulch.The procedure is carried out in hot weather.Especially if it grows potatoes, cabbage and cucumbers.Also tomatoes planted with near topsheet root system.
- Strawberries and strawberry require mulching how to protect against freezing and for the prevention of rotting berries with abundant watering.In addition, mulch will make an excellent fertilizer in the spring.
- Optional mulching must be family Cucurbitaceae and various fruit bushes.
procedure is most often produced in the last decade of May.Before this earth passes preprocessing: it is removed from the withered grass, weeds pulled out.And, at the cost of long-term clean even roots.Otherwise, the procedure would be useless.The next step is the makeup of the earth by any complex fertilizer, "driven into" in her rake.
At the end of the soil is spread organic mulch layer which varies depending on the selected material.The average value can be called the 5-7 cm. In the case of straw, for example, it can be reduced to 3 cm. Around shrubs and fruit trees should also pay attention to the radius of a circle of mulch.Usually it is about 45 cm. For the first and 70-80 cm. For the second.It will vary in proportion to the growth of the tree.
One important point that experienced gardeners are advised to remember - this is unacceptable ground mulch and plant stems or trunks.Otherwise, it will be called a reverse process.In perennial plants and trees layer is supplemented annually without the elimination of the old.
Last nuance necessary to the study - is the soil.It also affects the choice of material for mulching, and its layer.In particular, the clay-rich land requires a thin layer not exceeding 2 cm.
Mulching with sawdust, wood chips, bark and needles
This method of mulching is classified as the most controversial because some growers stubbornly insists on its use, andothers consider it useless.
Before you cover the ground with sawdust, bark or pine needles, it is necessary to fertilize the land quality nitrogen.This measure is used with the aim to prevent a deficiency of this element, appearing as a result of the decomposition of these materials in the soil.
Mulching with sawdust and wood chips mainly used for a variety of perennial crops - berries and vegetables.For example, strawberries and strawberry.In addition, it is with these materials easy to work in the processing of land for tomato and cabbage, and carrots and onions.Additionally, the filings tend to soften the soil, to improve its moisture retention by the liquid but at the same time to avoid blurring in the case of excess.
needles and bark are good in that they work with natural disinfectant and a source of beneficial microorganisms that go into the ground.This makes it possible not to change the permanent "residence" of certain crops, because there is no soil depletion.Particularly fond of needles rose.
Lows in mulching with sawdust, pine needles and bark are that for good suppression of weeds need a very thick layer of material.Furthermore, the acidification may land in the case where one and the same place of the mulching method year is not changed.Q nitrogen deficiency, also referred to shortcomings already been mentioned previously.
Mulching newspapers and film for mulching
include inorganic methods cover the earth received a special distribution of newspapers and mulch to use a special polymer film.Here it should be noted at once that both of these materials do not affect the chemical composition of the soil.Also, they do not contribute to its protection against pests, possible leaching, weathering and do not regulate the acidity.
The main purpose of the film - keeping weeds due to its impermeability.Black will keep warm, increase soil moisture and support underneath.Usually it falls choice when looking for mulch for strawberries.At the same time increase the humidity creates all conditions for pathogenic bacteria, so the film is recommended to be applied only between the rows.
White film, by contrast, reflects the sun, preventing the overheating of the soil.It allows you to make breathability and moisture and prevents weeds to get through.The use of this film for mulching suitable when working with thermophilic cultures.
As for newspapers, there is, as with sawdust all somewhat ambiguous.The main disadvantage is called the presence of ink on the paper that the penetration into the soil is able to poison her.On the other hand, it's a great way to retain moisture and prevent overheating of the earth.
mulching with straw and cut grass
often experienced gardeners mulch the beds with straw, leaves or cut grass.With the first one there is a need preconditioning.The material is processed mullein, shovels carefully and subjected to moisture.After that, you must wait until he changes color to brown, and then lay them the way.
should not be used for mulching of rotten straw, because the process is enriched with inhibitors - special substances that prevent the proper growth of plants.Although, of course, it is also prevent weeds grow.But this is good material for mulch complex: a straw, you can add leaves, pine needles, etc. Organic elements.
Especially good are mulching with straw and similar materials, tomatoes and potatoes, and strawberries.Prevention of weed growth occurs even with a slight layer of mulch, which saves its consumption.This in some way pays the high cost of the material, if it is not received at the own station.
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Among the advantages of straw mulch should be noted qualitative moisture retention and preservation of the upper part of a parallel earth dry.This prevents rotting of the fruit and reduces the risk of disease.In particular, the currently relevant for strawberries and strawberry in the rainy season, fraught with the appearance on the berries rot.
Which way mulching prefer - it's up to you.Experienced gardeners offer to combine all of the above materials, achieving thus maximize the effectiveness of their application.But most importantly, before the garden season to think carefully about which ones to plant in the first place to use mulch.