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Ivy Garden: types and characteristics of the cultivation

Plant name comes from the Greek and means "to sit."Most likely, the ivy so named because he seemed to be sitting on the surface of the walls of houses, arbors.

Ivy is very common among the houseplants.But many houseplants are grown as garden.Rather, on the contrary, garden forms we domesticated and tamed to our rooms.Therefore, there are some plants both at home and in the garden (geranium, primrose, violet, etc.).Ivy is also a similar plant.Room Ivy does not require special attention to clean.But ivy in the garden is not common.

Description ivy

Ivy - This evergreen vine with leaves of various shapes and colors (depending on species).Blossoms small inconspicuous flowers.In their place are formed black fruit.At the height can reach several meters.The fact is that the ivy has unlimited growth.

Types ivy

Currently, the natural conditions found fifteen species of ivy.Consider the most common ones.

  1. Colchis Ivy - lianovidny, evergreen shrub, can climb to a height of thirty meters.Shoots
    have thin and thick hairs.Large leaves are different in form.They are leathery, glossy, usually entire, rarely lobed.When grinding has a specific smell of nutmeg.Flowering Ivy kolhidskiyosenyu.The flowers are collected in inflorescence.Ball black fruit ripens in the spring of next year.Not so hardy as ivy, but it is growing rapidly.Used for vertical gardening.The most well-known forms: purple, gear and tree.
  2. Ivy Pastukhov - listed in the Red Book of Russia.This evergreen vine, reaches a length of ten meters.Vegetation period from July to October.Tsvetkov is formed.It propagated by cuttings.In winter, this type of ivy partially frosted.It recommended for landscaping.
  3. ivy - evergreen vine, climbing up to a height far.The leaves are leathery, shiny, varied in form.The flowers are small, inconspicuous, collected in globular inflorescences.The fruits - black, spherical, mature next spring.Thermophilic, shadow-growing rather slowly, it is durable.It propagated by cuttings.It is used in gardening as a curling and groundcover.

Ivy obyknovennyyimeet many decorative forms.Here are some of them: winter (large, broad leaves light); Baltic (small-leaved, frost); palmate (five-bladed leaves are large); elegant ; bordered (with yellowish okaemkoy autumn it becomes a pink or red); marble ; tricolor ; yellow-fetal ; beloplodnaya .

Growing ivy

For ivy growing need to pick up the penumbra.Plants with green leaves monochromatic require less sunlight.Pestrookrashennye leaves the light becomes brighter.Well suited moist soil rich in humus and contains lime.

ivy Propagated from cuttings.Cuttings are advised to cut off during the summer.

autumn produce pruning ivy.Cut off unwanted, dry shoots.In winter, it is desirable to hide the stems of ivy leaves apple or oak.The leaves should be left open.With strong harboring possible damping-off.

Pests and diseases ivy

Sometimes ivy can affect spider mite.This occurs most often in the heat.For information on how to get rid of spider mites, read the article Secrets of growing petunias.

use ivy

With ivy can decorate ugly wall and hedges in your garden.Ivy is also used to create compositions with different pitchers and stones.

is therefore only fair to grow ivy home.In the garden for him to find suitable conditions.It will help to make your garden more elegant and more interesting.

Especially for LadySpecial. ru - Margo

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