distemper, or panleukopenia, - viral disease , which are ill pets.It is believed that most often affects distemper dogs and cats but suffer from this disease.It is caused by different viruses, it runs hard, and without timely treatment to the vet cat can die.It is because of such a great danger to the life of pets, they need time to vaccinate.But time to notice the appearance of distemper and increase the chances of saving the animal, it is imperative to know her symptoms .
Features distemper in cats
distemper transmitted only by contact from a sick animal, and through objects with which it has had contact. at risk include kittens, young cats and weakened .Also great risk of contracting distemper have outdoor cats, kittens from nurseries, which contains a lot of animals, or purchased on the market of cats.
virus provoke distemper, similar to the virus that causes the disease enteritis in dogs.This disease is very contagious.Distemper virus carries the impact of disinfectants, long period of
distemper can be transmitted in utero and through the body diseased cat.After recuperating for a few months the virus may be present in the body, standing out through the secretory glands of the cat.If ill distemper, cat recovers, it becomes immune to it for life.After distemper disease can not start during the year other animals, as the remaining virus is a threat and can cause illness pets.Also necessary to process the entire house , try to get to the farthest corners.
Symptoms of distemper in cats
When distemper disease incubation period, the disease does not manifest itself lasts from 1 to 10 days.The virus affects the entire body of a cat.The main symptoms were reported in the early hours of the acute phase include fever. body temperature rises to 410C cats. animals suffer from thirst, but refuses to drink.After 3 days of the animal there is vomiting, watery diarrhea, and comes complete dehydration.Lymph nodes in the abdomen increases, allocation contain blood, oral mucosa becomes bluish hue and dry.The cat begins to experience pain in the intestines and stomach.The drop in temperature refers to the last symptoms that reduce the chances of the animal to recover.
also with the disease distemper in cats drastically changed behavior.She becomes inactive, apathetic, trying to hide in cool, dark and quiet place .Lying on his stomach with his head thrown back, or sitting hunched.Older animals appear crackles caused ottёkom lungs.Sometimes accompanied by a distemper convulsions and coma.In most cases the occurrence of symptoms and their occurrence depends on the pathogenicity of the virus distemper immunity and age of the cat.
Treatment of distemper in cats
to treat distemper assigned symptomatic type of treatment , but the main emphasis is on the fact that the disease must master the body itself.In the first stage disease cats administered hyperimmune serum and antibiotics broad spectrum that help suppress secondary bacterial infection stage.Intravenously and subcutaneously administered as saline and 5% glucose solution.Appointed antiemetic drugs, corticosteroids, if a sick animal has developed a shock.
If you can not quickly see a doctor, but know how to give injections, start self-treatment.Get all of the above drugs and begin to introduce them one by one, it is also very important to do injections of vitamins.Glucose cats support force, and antiemetic drugs reduce fluid loss.
key to successful treatment distemper in cats is the timely detection of the first symptoms of the disease and immediate treatment to a veterinarian for help .Timely actions taken to increase the chances to recover from the diseased cats up to 70%.Unfortunately, the risk of death in the cat distemper disease is very high.
Prevention distemper in cats
best to take care of the cat's health in advance as it is very difficult to cure distemper.Therefore, it is easier to prevent the emergence, reducing the risk of infection.Vaccinated against distemper your pet may do so at any veterinary clinic. Usually, doctors recommend to do the first kitten vaccinated against distemper at the age of 8 weeks , the second - a month as a booster, then the body will cope with the first kitten vaccination and be able to move second.Next, the cat should be taught each year.
For convenience, you can use the integrated vaccination , which necessarily includes vaccination and from distemper. distemper vaccination is very effective , since science is known only one type of this dangerous disease.It is also believed that the vaccine against distemper allows strengthen immunity cats .It is better to vaccinate animals each year, about a month before the end of the year from the immunized, then the immune system of the animal will perceive better vaccine.
See also: Vomiting cat: treatment
distemper disease in cats is very common, as the virus that causes this disease is very resistant to the environment and high temperature.Consequences of distemper are very heavy for the animal and can lead to a sad end.From distemper disease, primarily affects kittens and weak animals, so before allowing the kitten to walk in the street or in contact with objects, sometimes on the street, be sure to take 8 weeks of age vaccinated against distemper him by repeating it over 4 weeks. Vaccination protects your darling from this terrible disease, and allow you to chat for years .