Gelatin - a product in the form of crystals or plates, odorless and tasteless, derived from fish tissues and animals.With its Latin name translates as "frozen" or "frozen."Its composition is 85% gelatin consists of proteins.Most of the use of this product is collagen, which is contained in it in considerable quantities.
first time received and gelatin was patented in 1845 by Peter Cooper, an engineer.Almost 50 years after its invention, no one could understand him a favor and pick up how to use.Most people thought the gelatin completely useless product, while al. Inventor - Pearl Waite not prepared with its application very tasty dessert, which he called "jelly".After that, the use of gelatin has been disclosed in full, and it's got its place of honor in the kitchen.
Nowadays using gelatin gotovitsyamnogo tasty and healthy dishes - meat and fish aspic, aspic jelly, souffles, marshmallows, cream.Before use, it is best to soak in cold water, where it swells in the 2-3.A substance is dissolved in a warm l
gelatin used not only in cooking, but in pharmaceuticals - Candles are prepared therefrom and capsules;in the photographic and film industry - for the manufacture of film and photographic paper;Cosmetology - it is a very useful addition to restoring masks, shampoos, balms.Gelatin has vegetable analogues - agar and pectin derived from seaweed.
substance which forms the basis of gelatin - is collagen.Along with this, in its structure it contains water, proteins, ash, starch, fats, carbohydrates, micro- and macrocells, vitamin PP, amino acids.The use of this product to the human body should not hesitate, because it contains magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, calcium, iron and the amino acid glycine.Also, it includes another 2 very useful amino acids - proline and hydroxyproline, which promote the development, restoration and preservation of cartilage and connective tissue.
Gelatine - excellent dietary product, all meals, including it in its composition, perfectly absorbed by the body and do not cause an increased secretion of digestive glands.Many people know that gelatin is very useful for cracks and fractures, because it promotes early splicing of bone tissue and restore articular tissues after injury.
Eating gelatin, which is so rich in collagen, can significantly improve the condition of hair and nails, making the joints mobile and flexible.People who suffer from arthritis and osteochondrosis, experts recommend to include regularly in their diet the dishes that have been prepared on the basis of gelatin.By the way, it is useful and when applied topically, for example: in the form of baths for strengthening nails and face masks.
Those amino acids which are part of the gelatin, are a source of energy for the body, help to strengthen the heart muscle, a positive effect on mental activity.With low blood clotting gelatin is also useful.Yet its use is recommended in the form of jelly, jelly and mousse in lung, stomach, intestine, and others. Bleeding.
way, specific contraindications for consumption of this product - no.Very rarely it can cause an allergic reaction.With careful use gelatin should be the people who suffer from cardio - vascular system and prone to oksaluricheskomu diathesis, because the substance itself is oksalogelom.
How to plant gelatin?
Gelatin is widely used in cooking.Purchase product can be in the form of transparent plates or powder.But to buy it - a little, we must also know - how to properly plant.
If gelatin powder, then you need to put it in a bowl, pour 4-5 Art.l.boiled water, milk, fruit drinks or others. liquid, which is specified in the recipe cooking.Now, the mixture should stir and let stand, pellets should swell and increase in size.If the gelatin plates, it should also be pre-soaked in water for 5-7 minutes, then drain the water and a little depressing plate from the water, put in a bowl.
Cook gelatin best in a water bath, for that you need to boil in a saucepan and cover with water on top of its capacity with gelatin.Stirring constantly, gelatin should be slowly drown.Low mass should not be understood than 80 degrees.The gelatin was thoroughly mixed into the cooking process, the better it will harden later.
After the gelatin has melted almost completely, the capacity must be removed and strain the liquid through a sieve, so that it remained insoluble film and granules.
now ready to add the gelatin into the hot liquid, which was specified in the recipe, then all you need to stir, pour into forms, cool to room temperature and refrigerate.
divorce gelatin jelly?
Fruit jelly - light, tasty and also healthy dessert that will appeal not only to children but also adults!But the frozen structure of this dish will help ensure that gelatin.
from gelatin and the amount taken will depend on the consistency of food.If you want jelly received the "trembling", then 1 liter of water is necessary to take 20 g.Reduce the number is not necessary, or dessert hardens.For "rubber" jelly that will be cut with a knife, the gelatin should take 50 g per 1 liter of water.
swollen product to be heated.To this end, it should be poured into a pan and put the fire to the minimum.You can do this on a water bath.Waste from the plate can not be, because the mixture must be stirred continuously.After complete dissolution of the product, not boiling liquid pan must be removed from the heat.
DHW gelatin can be in a separate container connected to the basis of jelly: mashed potatoes, fruit juice, jam or compote.The mixture to cool to room temperature, and then put in the fridge for 4 hours.
But when preparing jelly has its little tricks:
- Gelatin can not bring to a boil, otherwise it thickens;
- is impossible to heat the gelatin take aluminum utensils, otherwise the product will acquire a dark color and an unpleasant taste;
- To avoid lumps in the breeding of gelatin, it is necessary to fill the container in a warm, heating it with warm water.And if there were still lumps, they should strain through a sieve;
- mass cools it should be in the refrigerator, in the freezer, he zakristallizuetsya;
- If you want to add fruit jelly, they must first be crushed.
See also: How to cook the jelly?
How to dissolve gelatin aspic?
Thanks gelatin aspic turns elegant and beautiful.But first you need to know - how to plant for the preparation of gelatin aspic?
to start it must be dissolved in a glass of cold water and leave for an hour, so it's a little swollen.
then the mixture should be poured into an enamel pan and put on a small fire.Boil gelatin should be constantly stirring until it is completely dissolved, bring to a boil but it can not be!
solution is then necessary to strain through cheesecloth and mix with the broth, which is intended to aspic.
Incidentally, in the case of preparing aspic gelatin, carrots should be cut very finely.On 1 liter of water should be taken exactly 20 grams of gelatin veschestva.Izlishnee application capable unnecessarily solidify jelly, while spoiling its flavor and taste.Check the rate of gelatin can be with your finger - it is necessary to collect the liquid in the spoon wet in her fingers.If they stick, but easily disconnected, then everything is fine.
- Treatment of joints gelatin
- How to cook the jelly?
Gelatin - very useful not only in terms of cooking, but also from the point of view of medicine substances that have a positive effect on the body.Its use in cooking is very easy, the main thing - to observe moderation and observe the rules of breeding gelling plates or crystals.