Chia seeds (chia): history, composition, useful properties, application, contraindications for use.
Chia seeds (chia) - are small grains uzkolistogo or Spanish sage - plant grown in South America from the time of ancient civilizations.It is believed that the name is derived from the seeds of the word «chian», that the Aztec language means "oil".
Today, this exotic product that is unique natural antibiotic and is valued for its healing properties of many-sided, is used as a nutritional supplement for health improvement.
For centuries, chia seeds, along with maize, beans and amaranth was a staple food for the people of South and Latin America - the Incas, Mayas and Aztecs.During the conquests of the Aztec warriors treated a handful of nutritious grains per day, while maintaining the long hours in harsh transitions hot mountain climate.
Since ancient times, from small seeds squeezed oil, milled flour and prepared drinks.They were used in religious ceremonies, they paid
composition of chia seeds
Chia seeds are white, brown, gray shades and various combinations thereof.Comprise 32-39% of oil, about 25% fiber, 19-23% protein and zero cholesterol.Rich in omega-3, which is not oxidized even at long-term storage;the percentage of oil content in chia - about 64%.This is almost two times higher than the salmon roe, 3 times greater than in cod liver oil and 42 times greater than in the olive oil.
One of the most valuable advantages of chia seeds - the correct proportions of omega-3 and omega-6 than can boast of a very few products.Grains Spanish sage are rich in dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and proteins.On the content of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, potassium, selenium, omega-3, protein and fiber, this exotic product many times ahead of broccoli, whole cow's milk, flax family, salmon, spinach, bananas, bran and legumes.Furthermore, chia seed is a source of zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, vitamins B1, B2, B3, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), retinol (vitamin A), and the concentration of antioxidants ahead fresh blueberries.
Useful properties of chia seeds
scientifically proven that the seeds of the Spanish sage have a positive effect on the body for anemia, allergies, hormonal disorders.Studies conducted in Toronto, showed that the seeds of chia help to stabilize blood pressure and blood sugar levels.Natural antioxidants that they contain abundant - quercetin, flavonols, myricetin, kempferol, chlorogenic and caffeic acid to prevent aging, protect the body against cancer and cardiovascular disease.The scientists, cardiologists, physiologists from Italy, Canada, the United States and other countries have come to the conclusion that chia seeds - a food product with a huge potential in the prevention and treatment of problems of the cardiovascular system - atherosclerosis, hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction.Chia seeds have a powerful preventive and therapeutic effect on depression, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, asthma, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis.It is proved that the grain chia, unlike some other products that are sources of omega-3 fatty acids - fish, eggs, flaxseed, do not accumulate a toxic substance.In addition, they are hypoallergenic, which is not the seafood.Spanish Sage is grown high in the mountains in a clean area.The leaves of the plant contain a huge amount of antioxidants that repel insects, creating the natural protection against pests.
Chia seeds for digestion and weight control
Due to its ability to absorb large amounts of water, chia seeds give a feeling of satiety, preventing overeating, easily digested and normalize the digestive tract.Dietary fiber and fiber, they are rich, improve intestinal motility, remove toxins from the body, so the seeds of the Spanish sage can be the perfect companion for those who want to lose weight or maintain weight.
benefits of chia seeds for children, women and athletes
Chia seeds are particularly useful for athletes, children and women in menopause: thanks to record the content of calcium (5 times more than in natural milk), and the presence of boron, which helpsit fully absorb, they favor the normal development and function of the musculoskeletal system, reduces inflammation in muscles and joints, prevent osteoporosis.Chia seed can bring huge benefits, and young mothers.Its use will quickly recover from childbirth and during pregnancy will contribute to the proper development of the fetus.
How to use chia seeds
Exotic grain eaten raw, alone or together with berries, fruit salads.They are also consumed in the form of oil and flour.To provide the recommended daily norm of omega-3 fatty acids requires only 5 g or 1 g of seeds of chia oil.Seeds of Spanish sage much healthier nuts and whole grains, it's a great alternative to white bread and refined vegetable oil.
Chia seeds have a pleasant nutty flavor that perfectly complements any dish.They can be added to sauces, green smoothies, juices, smoothies, yogurt, infant formula, rice dishes, vegetables and cereals used for making pastries and desserts.In Israel, for example, both conventional and organic chia seeds are sold in natural foods stores.
Contraindications to the use of chia seeds
without consulting a doctor chia seeds are not recommended to be included in the diet in the presence of allergy to mustard and sesame seeds, as well as during treatment for lowering blood pressure and blood thinners.
Chia seeds - is truly magical, natural, environmentally friendly product that is useful for the figure, health and general body tone, a priceless gift of nature, proven for thousands of years.For people that want to eat healthy food, it is a real treasure.One can only reasonably dispose of its multifaceted beneficial properties and healing power.
Ales Musiyuk for the site «f-Journal.Ru»
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