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Valentine's Day - The story of the festival

Valentine

History of Valentine's Day - who came up to celebrate Valentine's Day - the history of the holiday

tradition to celebrate Valentine's Day, also known as Valentine's Day, come to us from the West.Lovers of the day give each other gifts, gentle cards - Valentine, and, of course, a declaration of love.The history of the emergence of this holiday.

History of Valentine's Day

first version

There is a beautiful legend about the origin of Valentine's Day.According to this legend, Claudius II - Roman Emperor, ruling in the third century BC, was a staunch opponent of unions, because they interfere with his legionnaires to conquer the country.Therefore, the emperor issued an edict forbidding marriage.The priest Valentine, in spite of the decree, all-well kept secret lovers marry.For this he was thrown into prison, after which he was sentenced to death.The young daughter of the jailer, seeing the priest and learning his story, fell in love with it.Valentin said her affection.But since it wa

s not possible to see, I love to communicate by correspondence.270 February 14, the day of the execution, the priest sent his mistress last love note signed "From Valentine."

second version

According to another version of the legend of origin of the feast of St. Valentine, the head of the prison, where Valentin was sitting for his "criminal" act, accidentally found out about the healing abilities of the prisoner, and then led to his blind daughter Valentina Julia.In the terrible day of the execution Valentine wrote a farewell Julia's love note.After receiving it, the girl discovered inside a saffron yellow, and there was an unprecedented miracle - she saw.

known under the name of Valentine several early Christian holy martyrs.One of them - Valentin - Roman priest who was executed around 269 ADAnother well-known Valentine was a bishop Interamna.This saint was famous for its miraculous healings.He was put to death for having converted to Christianity mayor's son.Perhaps in the legend it refers to this particular saint.Romantic holiday on February 14 in memory of the saints by Pope Gelasius I established in 496.

Already in 1969, after the introduction of the reform of worship Saint Valentine was removed from the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church (together with other Roman saints, information about the life that is contradictory and unreliable).The Catholic Church February 14 commemorates Saints Cyril and Methodius.And the Orthodox Church celebrates the memory of the Roman presbyter Valentine 6 (19) of July.

Feast of Lupercalia

According to one legend, Valentine's Day roots date back to pagan times.Many believe that the "precursor" of this holiday was called Lupercalia - the feast of fertility and eroticism, which was arranged in ancient Rome in honor of the patron god of herds Faun (Luperci) and goddesses "feverish" love Juno Februaty February 15.

Young girls wrote love notes to guys and put them in a special cup for the lot.Man, vynuvshy this note, it should look for the one who wrote it.It is interesting that on this day men women flogged with whips on the street, which was made from the skin of a sacrificial goat.It was believed that it had to contribute to greater fertility of women, so they were substituted with devotion by cruel blows.

in 494 ADPope Gelasius I «moved» the celebration of Lupercalia from 15 to 14 February.Thus, it coincided with the day of worship of Valentine's Day.Soon, however, the celebration of Lupercalia disappeared.

mating season of birds

Celebrating Valentine's Day in February, it is also associated with the beginning of the breeding season of birds.It has long been believed that the conclusion of marriage at this time will make him a long and happy.

pagan festival "Midsummer"

Traditionally, the feast of St. Valentine came to our country from the West.However, celebrations, somewhat similar to the Roman Lupercalia, anciently were in Russia.So we celebrated since ancient times famous Kupala Day, which falls on July 7, and more precisely, on the night of the sixth to the seventh of July, or old calendar, on the night of the twenty-third to twenty-fourth of June.Festival devoted to the day of the summer solstice, and the Slavic pagan sun god Kupala.People celebrated the sun, the maturity of the summer green meadow.Young people girded themselves bands of flowers and wreaths on his head wore.They drove round dances, sang songs.Then, in connection with the adoption of Christianity in Russia, this pagan celebration was replaced by the veneration of the memory of John the Baptist, as the day of the Nativity of John the Baptist coincide with the pagan holiday of Midsummer.During this festival it got the name "Midsummer", as we know it today.

memory of Saints Peter and Fevronia of Murom

July 8 (June 25, according to the old calendar) the Orthodox Church honors the memory of Saints Peter and Fevronia of Murom - the glorious patrons of love and family happiness.

However massively February 14 as the celebration of Valentine's Day in the Old World, that is, in Europe, is celebrated the XIII century, whereas in America - since 1777.Valentine's Day is a secular (non-religious).

Congratulations on the Valentine's Day and wish you a simple human happiness, which is the name of love!Always give to your loved charming smile, and then life will be brighter!

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