The Colossus of Rhodes

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What was done Colossus?

As a base for the statue was used three huge columns of stone, and the statue itself was a bronze-iron - iron base plate fastened bronze.There is evidence that all has been spent 9 tons of iron and 15 tons of bronze, but the Colossus weighed many times more - perhaps it was even heavier than modern Statue of Liberty in America.Some historians believe that the statue was in the clay: it molded on a steel frame, and the top covered with metal - this version is supported by many, because the all-metal statue of this size would have collapsed much earlier.

However, there are opponents of this hypothesis - they remind that the raw clay could hardly hold out inside the statue for decades - and he stood, according to various sources, about 60 years old - she would soon cracked from the sun, soaked by the rainand slid down, pulling the entire structure.Burn the same clay that at that time it was not technically possible, because this would require a huge f

ire - more than 30 m in height.

Creator Colossus called disciple of the famous Lysippos, sculptor Hares, a citizen of Rhodes, to which a similar construction was a matter of national honor.Hares took part in the defense of the city from the invaders, and in earlier times often helped his teacher to create huge statues of gods and heroes, so that the necessary experience he had enough.

The Colossus of Rhodes

As he worked, and what methods could be used?British historians have a version that the construction of the Colossus inside was almost empty, and technically looked like a skeleton.Its "reference device" consisted of stone pillars, which have already been mentioned, and were attached to poles metal rims with metal bars - the outer lining of the bronze was secured already on the rims.The seams were sealed very carefully, so the statue looked almost monolithic, and it does not weigh too much - this version is almost the opposite of the standard.

Prostrate giant

Why Colossus stood for so long?If we take the latest version, everything is not so clear: the skeleton of the statue was a stone, not metal, and could not withstand a strong earthquake - because the stone, though very solid, but are fragile - it knows of any mason or sculptor.

same Pliny writes that broken statue of Colossus, lying on the ground, caused the biggest surprise of its grandeur: he says that inside of it was a gaping void - compares them to the caves, and notes that you can see the huge stones used Hares forcreating stability of the structure.

About the size of the statue as we can judge from the records of Pliny the historian was amazed that clasp the thumb lying on the ground hands Colossus managed to only a very few.Of course, the legends about him began to multiply and grow into a beautiful fiction - perhaps this is why then were images where Colossus is above the harbor, with his legs apart, and between the legs pass ships.In fact, this could not be: the entrance to the harbor could not be so narrow - a width of about 400 m, and the height of the Colossus with the pedestal was less than 50 m.

have broken into parts giant more than 1000 years spent on the island, yetat the end of VII century it was purchased by Arabs, taken away and melted down - camels to transport the metal took about 900.

Colossus of Rhodes still remains mysteriously miracle reliable picture is not seen nobody alive today who lived 1000 yearsbefore.However, there are a lot of talking and writing, it is studied, and even shoot movies about it.And everyone who comes to Rhodes, certainly want to see a place where there was a statue of Helios, the radiant - one of the wonders of the world unforgettable.