August
12
18:02
food

Vitamins and Minerals: chemical composition of the products

What is the food.Healthy , proper nutrition .How to eat .The chemical composition of food

What is healthy and eating right?Our parents since childhood we are taught that food must be not only delicious, but also useful that the food should be rich in vitamins and minerals.And it's not just words - every person should know that the essence of power - this is not high or low-calorie foods, and wholesome food, that is - that it contains the basic "building blocks" of living cells - amino acids (from which the organism buildit needs proteins or proteins), fatty acids (including body also creates inherent only to him fats), carbohydrates, trace elements, vitamins, hormones, enzymes (enzymes), fat, and other components.

In "Useful and therapeutic properties of the products", we talk in detail about the healing properties of fruits, vegetables, plants and herbs.But saying, for example, in apples contain vitamins C, B1, B2, P, E, carotene, potassium, iron, manganese, calcium, we understand that it is very good, but not everyone knows what it is useful for us areor other components of the food, how

they contribute to our body.

In this section, we describe in detail the chemical composition of food - all the elements of food - we will tell you what the proteins, carbohydrates and fats, you will learn in detail about all the trace elements and vitamins, as well as about the products that they are rich.We will tell you why a particular element of the food, and what happens to our body when its shortcomings.

Enzymes - the creators of life.The human body continuously with thousands of different enzymes - protein enzymes that perform the function of specific catalyst for the conversion of substances in the body.Only with their help possible to update the old and worn-out cells, the conversion of nutrients into energy of life and building materials to create new cells, disposal of waste (products of metabolism or metabolism, and alien body substances), protecting the body from pathogens and even healing of wounds.Enzymes - a brilliant creation of nature.

Enzymes - a tiny, wise, talented, invisible to our eyes, "biochemists".Due to the presence of enzymes (enzymes) in the living body are made, are accelerated, controlled all life-sustaining processes.Enzymes themselves are not changed.That's why they are called biocatalysts, or the creator of life.Without enzymes life impossible.

Neither enzyme does not work by itself - only in cooperation with others.However, enzymes are specialized rather: each of them is a "specialist", performed in one single body the task, but he performs it perfectly.For example, there is an enzyme that participates in the minute 36 millions of reactions.

enzymes created by a living organism - mostly proteins.Aging, enzymes lose their initial efficiency and start to make mistakes, so they must constantly be updated by the intake of the plant a "living" food.

to life and health of the body's need for sufficient quantity, the optimal ratio of normal and functional state of enzymes.This can be achieved only natural food.If there were no enzymes, a person would have died at the richly laid table, because without them there is no splitting into separate food and simple nutrients.And only in this way the body is able to assimilate them out of the food that a person consumes.This process begins in the mouth.So, chewed bread after a few minutes gradually acquires a sweet taste, because the enzymes in saliva digested starches to sugars.So begins the first stage - the salivary digestion.

Thereafter, the process proceeds digestion in the stomach, where the "work" has other enzymes that "digest" the incoming product into acids and saccharides.This type is called gastric digestion of food.

Next the food enters the intestine.There come into action of digestive juices, pancreatic cancer: its enzymes cleave proteins into individual amino acids and other enzymes employed converting fat into fatty acids.After digestion of the three types: salivary, gastric, intestinal, the intestinal wall through these simple substances penetrate into the blood, and the body uses them as a source of energy or as building materials, including the creation of new enzymes.Each enzyme is highly specialized "fits" only one particular substance, which he transforms in a certain way.

Read more.Enzymes and enzymes

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