August
12
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Tourism

The most famous wonders of the world

Health and Beauty Tourism

Machu Picchu more than 400 years languished in obscurity.Then, he was discovered by the American scientist July 24, 1911.While the peasants living in the city.

The whole city has a very clear structure.Today, Machu Picchu is a center of mass tourism.The city is located in a remote region.In order to encourage tourism to the neighboring city railway was built.From there it can be reached by bus.

Peter

Petra - an ancient city located in Jordan .It is located at an altitude higher than 900 meters above sea level.This city was the capital of Edom (Edom), and later - the capital of the Nabataean kingdom.Peter is in the narrow Siq.The valley can only be reached through a canyon in the north and south.Petra was located at the crossroads of two very important trade routes.Therefore, for a long time active trade brought him wealth and prosperity.But then the Romans opened sea routes to the East.This has led to the decline of overland trade of spices.So Peter is gradually emptie

d.

Facilities of this city have different architectural styles, asMany of them were built at different times and under different host city.And owned the city at different times of the Edomites, Romans, Byzantines and Arabs.

Europeans first visited and described Peter Swiss Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.Peter is a unique city of stone.Houses, temples and tombs were carved from stone blocks.Petra Architects managed to create a complex system of water using terracotta pipes.The most famous buildings of Petra can be called a temple-mausoleum of Al Khazneh.it was created approximately around the II century.

Taj Mahal

The most famous wonders of the world

Taj Mahal - a magnificent mausoleum mosque, which is located in Agra, India .It stands on the banks of river Yamuna.The building was constructed on the orders of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.So he wanted to perpetuate the memory of his wife who died during childbirth.This architectural creation combines elements of Indian, Persian and Islamic architectural styles.Its construction was started around 1632 and was completed in 1653.Inside the mausoleum is located the tomb of the Shah and his wife.The Taj Mahal was built on a platform and has five domes.Its height is 74 meters.On the four sides of the corners towering minarets.The walls of the mausoleum are made of polished translucent marble.It should be noted that the marble changes its color depending on the light.It looks very nice facility.Unfortunately, not so long ago in its walls were observed cracks.They have been linked to the emergence of shallowing of the river Yamuna, which flows nearby.

In addition, the mausoleum is beginning to lose its legendary whiteness due to air pollution.Its walls are yellowing continue, despite the fact that Agra has been closed a few particularly dirty industries.We have to clean it regularly with a special white clay.

Statue of Christ the Redeemer

Statue of Christ the Redeemer is located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil .It became one of the most popular monuments in the world.This statue stands atop Corcovado Mountain and is the symbol of Brazil.It was made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.The height of this famous statue is 38 meters and the height of its pedestal - 8 meters.The weight of this famous is 1145 tons;arm span - 30 meters.At the top can be reached by means of electrified railway, which was the first in the country.As it runs a miniature train.To get to this sight is also possible on the car on the freeway.

creation of this monument took about nine years and lasted from 1922 to 1931.It should be noted that all parts of the statue, including the frame, was made in France.For the public it was opened October 12, 1931.

Statue been repaired twice in the past 75 years, it was in 1980 and 1990.In 2003, it is equipped with escalators to facilitate the rise to the observation deck.

Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is an ancient city, which was the political and cultural center of the Mayan .It is located in the north of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico.He is a holy city of the ancient people Itza.According to archaeologists, this city is one of the religious "places of power", which is associated with the culture of the Maya.It was founded around the VII century BC.e.First, the city belonged to the Mayan people.In the X century it was captured by the Toltecs, and Chichen Itza became the capital of their state.In 1178 he defeated the combined forces of three city-states - Mayapan, Uxmal and Itsmalya.At the time of the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, the city has been destroyed.Finally, he deserted after 1194.The exact reasons for this have not been established.In the city many times excavations that opened large architectural monuments.